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Milli idman növü

Milli idman növü və ya milli əyləncə — hər hansı xalqın və ya ölkənin mədədniyyətinə xas olan idman növü. Bəzi idman növləri de fakto, bəzi idman növləri isə de yure milli idman növü hesab olunur. Məsələn, kriket de fakto ABŞ və İngiltərədə milli idman növü, lakros və buzüstü xokkey isə de yure Kanadanın milli idman növü hesab olunur. Milli idman növlərinin hər hansı ölkədə lazımı səviyyədə oynanılmaya bilər, sadəcə həmin ölkənin mədəniyyətində əhəmiyyətli rol oynaması kifayətdir.

De yure milli idman növləri

Ölkə İdman İl
  Pakistan Otüstü xokkey 1948
  Argentina Pato 1953
  Baham adaları Şlyup 1993
  Banqladeş Kabaddi 1972
  Braziliya Kapoeyra 1972
  Kanada Lakros (yay), Buzüstü xokkey (qış) 1994
  Çili Çili radeosu 1962
  Kolumbiya Texo 2000
  İran Varzeşi Bastani, Güləş 1976
  Meksika Çarreriya 1933
  Filippin Eskrima 2009
  Puerto-Riko Paso Fino 1966
  Şri-Lanka Voleybol 1991
  Nepal Dandi Biyo 1973
  Uruqvay Destrezas Kriolyas 2006

De fakto milli idman növləri

İstinadlar

  1. "Pakistan".
  2. . .
  3. Craton, Michael (1998). Islanders in the Stream: A History of the Bahamian People. , 471. ISBN 0-8203-2284-9.
  4. . Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. — "Ha-du-du was given the name kabadi and the status of National Game in 1972.". [ölü keçid]
  5. Lowell, John (1992). Ring of Liberation: Deceptive Discourse in Brazilian Capoeira. University of Chicago Press, 61. ISBN 0-226-47683-9.
  6. , Justice Laws Website, National Government of Canada
  7. Moreira Recchione, Alberto (December 2007). "" (Spanish) Nəşr edən: University of Chile. Revista de urbanismo (17). ISSN . İstifadə tarixi: 14 July 2008. “A reconocerse, en 1962, el rodeo como deporte nacional y oficial [10 de enero de 1962, oficio N°269 del Consejo Nacional de Deportes y Comité Olímpico de Chile]”
  8. . .
  9. (Spanish). Mexican Department of Tourism. — "El año de 1933 fue muy importante, ya que el general Abelardo L. Rodríguez, emite un decreto presidencial, dando a la Charrería el título de único Deporte Nacional.".
  10. .
  11. (PDF). Office of Legislative Services of Puerto Rico (11 April 2000). — "In 1966, the Public Parks and Recreation Administration and the Puerto Rico Olympic Committee awarded official recognition of the “paso fino” horse riding sport as the autochthonous sport of Puerto Rico.".
  12. Fernando, Leslie (3 June 2005). . Daily News (Sri Lanka). . İstifadə tarixi: 14 July 2008. "Way back in 1991 volleyball was declared as the national sport of Sri Lanka but it was only name sake."
  13. Fernando, Leslie (3 June 2005). . Daily News (Nepal). . İstifadə tarixi: 14 July 2008. "Way back in 1973 Dandi Biyo was declared as the national sport of Nepal but it was only name sake."
  14. Aeberhard, Danny (2001). The Rough Guide to Argentina, 198. ISBN 1-85828-569-0. “"displays of traditional gaucho skills (destrezas criollas)"”
  15. . .
  16. . Embassy of Afghanistan, Canberra.
  17. . The Anguillian. 3 March 2007. . İstifadə tarixi: 21 July 2008. "Director of Sports, Alkins Rogers, [...] reported that the Government recognizes boat racing as the national sport of Anguilla and was giving financial resources for its development."
  18. . everyculture.com. — "Cricket, a left-over from the British rule, is the national sport of Antigua and Barbuda.".
  19. . . — "The national sport of Barbados is cricket".
  20. Luke, Will . (March 2007). — "Bermuda are one of the few sides who count cricket as a national sport.".
  21. . Bhutan Portal. . — "National Game: The national sport of Bhutan is archery.".
  22. Gonzalez Echevarria, Roberto (1999). "A Cuban Belle Époque", The Pride of Havana: A History of Cuban Baseball. Oxford University Press, 76. ISBN 0-19-514605-0. “Baseball is so ingrained in Cuba that it has thrived as the "national sport" through forty years of a bitterly anti-American revolution.”
  23. Mckinley, James C., Jr (26 March 1999). . The New York Times. . İstifadə tarixi: 24 July 2008. "Most Cubans, after all, consider baseball to be their national sport, a game entwined in history with their struggle for independence from Spain and the birth of their nation."
  24. . cuba.cu (13 August 1999). — "the game that [...] is [...] our national sport [...] I am talking of baseball".
  25. . Embassy of the Dominican Republic, Washington. — "Baseball is the Dominican Republic’s national sport.".
  26. Hughes, Simon (9 April 2009). . The Daily Telegraph (London). .
  27. (2007) Lonely Planet Eastern Europe, 9, Lonely Planet, 319. “Basketball is the unofficial national sport”
  28. . Embassy of Finland, Washington (11 June 2007). — "the national sport, “pesäpallo”". [ölü keçid]
  29. The Guardian
  30. . Grenada Life 38. Grenada Board of Tourism (March 2007). — "in the first Grenada Cricket Classics [, h]eroes such as Sir Viv Richards, Joel Garner and Curtley Ambrose came together to promote what is considered by many to be the national sport in Grenada.".
  31. . Guyana Tourism Authority. — "Cricket lovely Cricket! One cannot miss out on Guyana’s national sport without participating in a game of cricket while in Guyana.". 6 iyun 2008 tarixində . İstifadə tarixi: 21 iyul 2008.
  32. Graves, Kerry A. (2002).
  33. Rinehart, Robert E. (2007). East Plays West: Sport and the Cold War (London/New York: Routledge): p. 50. . .
  34. (2014) , 5th, Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics, 257. ISBN 9781450469654.
  35. . AsiaRooms (21 February 2011). — "The popularity of Football in Israel is sky-high and is the most popular sport of the nation by a distance. Football in Israel is the unofficial national sport of the nation and developed as an organized sport in the country during the period when the British controlled the administration or was the days of the British Mandate.".
  36. . . 19 February 2008. . İstifadə tarixi: 29 April 2009. "Today's announcement ensures that the public will enjoy quality coverage of our national games across all of RTÉ's media platforms."
  37. Volume 145. (22 November 1995).
  38. Farrelly, Hugh . Scrum.com (15 September 2009). — "It's [the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final] a big deal in Ireland, where Gaelic games are the national sport, but the problem for the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) is that no-one outside the country, save for committed expatriates, gives a fig.".
  39. . Jamaican Embassy, Washington. — "The legacy of Britain also lives on in Jamaica in many ways [...] the game of cricket is the national sport.".
  40. . Kids Web Japan sponsored by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan.
  41. Moenig, Udo (Apr 10, 2015). . Routledge, 52. "As a result, taekwondo's status as a largely private undertaking changed in 1971, when it was upgraded to the 'national sport' of Korea."
  42.  (latış.).
  43. Adamkus, Valdas . President of Lithuania official website (28 July 2005). — "Lithuania is a country that loves basketball. It is our national sport and we are proud to be reigning European Champions.".[ölü keçid]
  44. Winn, Luke (15 August 2011). . Sports Illustrated. . İstifadə tarixi: 24 August 2011. "Basketball is the only sport the 3.2 million Lithuanians truly care about—it's their second religion, after Catholicism—and their success is proportionately stunning."
  45. .
  46. .
  47. Richards, Alexandra.Mauritius: Rodrigues, Réunion. Bradt Travel Guides, 2009, p.90
  48. . New Zealand Official Yearbook. Statistics New Zealand (2000). — "Traditionally New Zealanders have excelled in rugby union, which is regarded as the national sport, and track and field athletics.".
  49. Mølster, Odd . News of Norway, issue 2. Norwegian Embassy, Washington (1996). — "the national sport could become a fine weapon in time of war. In 1943, Norway's resistance movement won an epochal victory – on skis, of course".
  50. Berglund, Nina (20 February 2006). . . . İstifadə tarixi: 21 July 2008. "The scoreboard shows how the Norwegians placed, a performance considered much too poor in a country where cross-country skiing is a national sport."
  51. .
  52. .
  53. . Rugby League (Federación Peruana de Frontón). 15 October 2008. . İstifadə tarixi: 3 July 2009. "But it would still be one of the biggest shocks in World Cup history if Papua New Guinea - the only country to have rugby league as its national sport - were to qualify for the last four."
  54. . BBC. 1 November 2009. .
  55. . Club Regatas Lima. Club Regatas Lima (31 August 2009).
  56. . Tatar-Inform (21 January 2011).
  57. (Romanian). Adevărul Holding (18 September 2010). — "Dar nici deciziile luate de autorităţile comuniste nu au salvat sportul naţional românesc de la uitare.".
  58. {{cite web}} şablonunda title= parametri təyin edilməlidir. [ February 2015 "{{{title}}}"].
  59. . Sport Scotland (31 August 2009).
  60. . Alaturka.info. [ölü keçid]
  61. . Kalem.biz.
  62. . .
  63. Duquette, Jerold J. (1999). . , 104. ISBN 0-275-96535-X. 21 July 2008 tarixində istifadə olunub. “Baseball justified its privileged legal status by citing the special nature and cultural significance of America's national pastime.”
  64. Schrag, Myles (2003). "", in Peter Carino: Baseball/literature/culture: Essays, 1995-2001. , Chp.13 p.140. ISBN 0-7864-1643-2. “Tradition – that quality so instrumental in elevating baseball to its century-old status as national pastime— has become less important”
  65. Gmelch, George (2006-01-01). , 308. 2014-07-09 tarixində istifadə olunub.
  66. Gmelch, George (2006-01-01). , 308. 2014-07-09 tarixində istifadə olunub.
  67. Aponte, Pedro Rafael (2008). The Invention of the National in Venezuelan Art Music, 1920--1960 (UMI:3349149), 56. “Since it was first introduced in the country, baseball has been recognized in Venezuela as the national sport”
  68. Harris, John (Summer 2006). "" Nəşr edən: North American Association for the Study of Welsh Culture and History. North American Journal of Welsh Studies 6 (2). İstifadə tarixi: 14 July 2008. “rugby used to be the undisputed national sport of Wales [...] Rugby Union’s assumed position as ”the national game” has often been questioned on the basis that it is predominantly a game played and followed in South Wales.”
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